Trip 8: CHINA HOLIDAY in 2011 … Day 14: Dengfeng



From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dengfeng Tengfeng
County-level city
The Daoist Zhongyue Temple
Location in Zhengzhou
DengfengDengfengLocation in Henan
Coordinates: 34°27′19″N 113°1′31″E
CountryPeople’s Republic of China
Prefecture-level cityZhengzhou
 • Total1,220 km2 (470 sq mi)
Population (2019)[1]
 • Total717,400
 • Density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code452470
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Official nameHistoric Monuments of Dengfeng in “The Center of Heaven and Earth”
IncludesTaishi Que Gates, Zhongue Temple Shaoshi Que Gates Qimu Que Gates Songye Temple Pagoda Architectural Complex of Shaolin Temple Kernel Compound Chuzu Temple Pagoda Forest Huishan Temple Songyang Academy of Classical Learning Observatory
CriteriaCultural: (iii)(vi)
Inscription2010 (34th Session)
Area825 ha (2,040 acres)
Buffer zone3,438.1 ha (8,496 acres)

Dengfeng (Chinese: pinyin: Dēngfēng; postal: Tengfeng) is a county-level city of Henan Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng (traditional Chinese: simplified Chinese: pinyin: Yángchéng).[citation needed]

Dengfeng has an area of 1,220 km2 (470 sq mi) and a population of 630,000.[2] It occupies the southwestern corner of Zhengzhou and is its westernmost county-level division.

Dengfeng is located at the foot of the Mount Song, one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centers of China, and is home to various religious institutions and famous temples such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple (a renowned center for martial arts), as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy and the Gaocheng Observatory, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual “center of heaven and earth”.[3] Parts of the city were inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2010.[3]


The first Xia Dynasty capital, Yangcheng, was built west of Gaocheng Township on the Yin River under the sacred Mount Song.

The famous Shaolin Monastery, traditionally considered the origin of Zen, is located in Dengfeng where they teach adults as well as children martial arts. It is also a famous tourist attraction.